Infectious diseases are disorders caused by organisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites. Many organisms live in and on our bodies. They’re normally harmless but under certain conditions, some organisms may cause disease.
Some infectious diseases can be passed from one person to another and some are transmitted by insects or other animals. Many infectious diseases, such as measles and chickenpox can be prevented by vaccines. Frequent hand-washing also helps protect you from most infectious diseases as it can be passed from hand through mouth.
- Have been bitten by an animal
- Are having trouble breathing
- Have been coughing for more than a week
- Have severe headache with fever
- Experience a rash or swelling
- Have unexplained or prolonged fever
- Have sudden vision problems
- Wash your hands thoroughly: Washing hands often prevents the risk of having infectious disease.
- Get vaccinated: One can prevent transfer of disease from one person to another by having a prescribed vaccine.
- Stay home when ill: It is always recommended to stay at home when a person is ill. There is a high chance of making other people ill.
- Practice safe sex: Always use condoms if you or your partner has a history of sexually transmitted infections.
- Use your own personal item: Use your own toothbrush, comb and razor. Avoid sharing drinking glasses or dining utensils.